Stonehenge guided tours form London.


Theories about the purpose of Stonehenge range from a secular calendar to a place of spiritual worship. Now, an archaeologist suggests that the Stonehenge monument in southern England may have been an attempt to mimic a sound-based illusion.

If two pipers were to play in a field, observers walking around the musicians would hear a strange effect, said Steven Waller, a doctoral researcher at Rock Art Acoustics USA, who specializes in the sound properties of ancient sites, or archaeoacoustics. At certain points, the sound waves produced by each player would cancel each other out, creating spots where the sound is dampened.

It’s this pattern of quiet spots that may have inspired Stonehenge, Waller told an audience Thursday (Feb. 16) in Vancouver, British Columbia, at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

The theory is highly speculative, but modern-day experiments do reveal that the layout of the Stonehenge ruins and other rock circles mimics the piper illusion, with stones instead of competing sound waves blocking out sounds made in the center of the circle.

In support of the theory, Waller pointed to myths linking Stonehenge with music, such as the traditional nickname for stone circles in Great Britain: “piper stones.” One legend holds that Stonehenge was created when two magic pipers led maidens into the field to dance and then turned them to stone,

Waller experimented by having blindfolded participants walk into a field as two pipers played. He asked the volunteers to tell him whenever they thought a barrier existed between them and the sound. There were no barriers in the field, but acoustic “dead spots” created by sound-wave interference certainly gave the volunteers the impression that there were.

“They drew structures, archways and openings that are very similar to Stonehenge,” Waller said.

Waller believes the people who built Stonehenge more than 5,000 years ago may have heard this sound-canceling illusion during ceremonies with musicians and thought it mystical, spurring the creation of the stone circle.

Though the theory is unlikely to settle the mystery of Stonehenge, Waller said he hopes to highlight the importance of considering sound in archaeology. Rock art sites are often in areas where cave acoustics are particularly prone to echoes, he said, suggesting that ancient people found meaning in sound.

“Nobody has been paying attention to sound,” Waller said. “We’ve been destroying sound. In some of the French [rock art] caves, they’ve widened the tunnels to build little train tracks to take the tourists back – thereby ruining the acoustics that could have been the whole motivation in the first place.”

By: Stephanie Pappas, LiveScience Senior Writer
Published: 02/16/2012 06:16 PM EST on LiveScience

Stonehenge Tours – Guided Tours of Stonehenge, Wiltshire

 

Tours from Antiquity offers a unique opportunity to explore the awe inspiring world famous Stonehenge and Avebury Prehistoric Landscapes with an expert service, guided by a qualified archaeologist.  This exclusive tour can be booked through ‘The Stonehenge Tour Company

West Kennet Long Barrow

West Kennet Long Barrow

The tour includes –

  • Return travel from London in a luxury coach 
  • Entrance in to Stonehenge
  • Visit Stonehenge Cursus, Stonehenge Avenue and several Bronze Age Round Barrows (burial mounds)  (only runs between March and October, due to time restrictions in the winter months)
  • A visit to one of the world’s most beautiful cities, Bath. Nourished by natural hot springs, stunning architecture, great shopping and iconic attractions
  • Guided coach tour around some of the most beautiful and stunning architectural works in Bath
  • Visit Woodhenge and Durrington Walls
  • Visit West Kennet Long Barrow and Silbury Hill
  • Visit Avebury Stone Circle and Henge 

You will enjoy the passion and enthusiasm expressed by our professional,  archaeologist tour leaders.

Why choose Tours From Antiquity?

  • Tours From Antiquity conduct ONLY Archaeology Tours, and as a result we believe we offer an excellent up-to-date specialist service; giving you the opportunity to learn in great detail about these amazing prehistoric sites, but also leaving you time to explore your surroundings by yourself.
  • Tours From Antiquity is owned by qualified archaeologists and our tour leaders are all qualified archaeologists, offering the most professional service possible.
  • On our tours you will be travelling with no more than 19 other people – guaranteed. With smaller group sizes comes a more personalised excursion experience.
  • Our tour coaches offer luxury transport, with good air circulation and clear PA system.

Our itineraries are carefully planned offering the very best experience while you discover as much as possible.

 

Tours From Antiquity was set up in order to tackle the growing interest and demand in the historic environment in the United Kingdom. Identified was a niche for specialist, qualified archaeology tours to the exceptional and world famous archaeological sites of Stonehenge and Avebury prehistoric landscapes. We aim to concentrate on small group sizes unlike the larger tour companies, creating an intimate feel to thetour.

Tours From Antiquity aims to guide you around all these fantastic archaeology sites, maximising your enjoyment and experience, answering all queries, be it general or academic whilst conducting a brilliantly informative archaeology tour. As well as a qualified archeologist tour leader, Tours From Antiquity offer luxury coach travel, admission to English Heritage sites and ‘free time’ for our customers to enjoy and explore the world’s most beautiful cities, Bath. Nourished by natural hot springs, stunning architecture, great shopping and iconic attractions

Tours From Antiquity offer lecture standard archaeology tours, embracing the entire landscape in which these famous sites are situated. Offering a guided archaeology tour through the biographies of these landscapes allows our customers a rare opportunity to truly understand the motives and beliefs of the architects and creators of prehistoric Britain.

Tours From Antiquity firmly believe that through providing passionate tour leaders who have devoted their careers to the study and public presentation of archaeology offers our customers a truly unique and exceptional experience.

 This exclusive tour can be booked with ‘The Stonehenge Tour Company’ http://www.StonehengeTours.com

 Stonehenge is a fascinating edifice to attempt to decode, and new theories are constantly arising regarding its origins and function.

Take a Stonehenge tour and delve into its mysteries: you are likely to be confounded by this imperious landmark.

 A great number of legends connected to Stonehenge have ranged in their assertions from stating that its construction originated fromStonehenge tour Ireland to those even claiming it began in Africa. It has even been maintained that wizards and giants had something to do with the building of this enigmatic structure.

 Yet all the evidence flies in the face of such high-flown assertions. The stones were engraved approximately around 3,000 BC. The positioning of the stones, conversely, dates back to 2,200 BC. Therefore, it is obvious that the creation of Stonehenge was not an instant phenomenal accomplishment. This wholly destabilises claims that the stones were positioned by giants or wizards, as it is obvious that it took much time, indeed, thousands of years, to form Stonehenge.

 Fairly recently, scientists, using the most modern technology available to them, have managed to go further back in time than before to the history of Stonehenge. They have contended that they have, as a result of this, made significant new discoveries about the enigmatic landmark. They have argued that the monument was already a very ancient ritualistic hub when the stones were raised over 5,000 years ago.

 Indeed, it is believed that by the time the primary megaliths of Stonehenge were elevated, it had already become a place of ritual import to the local populace. One theory is that, before the megaliths were added, Stonehenge in fact functioned as a cremation cemetery; hundreds of bodies were buried there. That seems to suggest that the ceremonial rituals, rather chillingly, may have involved deaths in the form of sacrifices.

 Another theory is that Stonehenge also might have been a site for sun worship a great deal of time before the legendary stones were put up over 5,000 years ago.

 Back in the 12th century, Henry of Huntingdon asserted of Stonehenge: ‘no one has been able to discover by what mechanism such vast masses of stone were elevated, nor for what purpose they were designed’.  The truly concrete facts behind the creation of Stonehenge are arguably as intangible, as difficult to assert as ever.

 Up to the modern age, the Stonehenge circle and earthworks are associated with—and employed by—many groups that claim there is a particular supernatural or divine significance to the landmark. Many do argue that some kind of unearthly authority is in attendance at Stonehenge, and this can be taken and channeled.

 Visit Stonehenge and become awed by the ineffable atmosphere that emanates from this grand landmark. Stonehenge is an exquisite monument, a momentous edifice that deserves your full scrutiny. Bask in the unique aura around this, some would say, otherworldly structure. Stonehenge tours offer an altogether different experience from any other tour.

The Stonehenge Tour Company
www.StonehengeTours.com

 Explore the renowned World Heritage Site and discover for yourself why Stonehenge has provoked such immense debate. You could never grow tired of trying to clarify its countless uncertainties. A Stonehenge special access tour makes for an especially exquisite tour experience. Or maybe go for a Stonehenge tour, for example, a Stonehenge morning tour, and marvel at this overwhelming landmark.

Mentions of Stonehenge come up again and again in the writings of great scholars, dating right back to the Middle Ages. Roman artefacts and coins have been unearthed there, and, more alarmingly, in 1923 Saxon remains of a headless man were discovered at Stonehenge.

Stonehenge is, well and truly, a compelling nominee for the title of the most legendary landmark on the planet: it cannot be compared to any other. It does not fail to equally fascinate and charm visitors from all over the planet.

Three extremely absorbing theories about imperious Stonehenge are:

The Legend of Merlin
The legend goes that Merlin moved the stones to Salisbury Plain from Ireland after the Saxon leader, Hengest, had treacherously slain 300 British noblemen. Aurelius Ambrosius, the high king, wanted to create an apposite commemorative landmark for the massacred men. Merlin suggested that the Giant’s Ring stone circle in Ireland be moved to Britain and become the commemorative landmark: this, in turn, became Stonehenge.

Edward Duke
Edward Duke was the first person to attempt to find a connection between Stonehenge and astronomy, and asserted that Stonehenge itself was in fact a planetarium and possessed important astronomical patterns. He also stated that specific stones seemed to line up with the midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset.

Erich von Däniken
Däniken claims that either extraterrestrials, or humans who were guided by extraterrestrials, made Stonehenge. As well as this, he argues that Stonehenge is a an exact duplicate of our solar system, true to scale, including the asteroid belt. 
It is probably von Däniken’s theory about Stonehenge has inflamed the most discussion in the modern age.

Which theory do you find most convincing, most believable? Or do you rebuff all three of these theories? They are, after all, amongst the most atypical and uncanny. A London Tour to Stonehenge could illuminate things for you; a visit to the amazing structure itself could aid you in coming to your own decision as to why Stonehenge was built.

Stonehenge persists in captivating hundreds of thousands of visitors per year. Particularly vast crowds assemble to see the sunrise on the summer solstice. Theories as to the original function of Stonehenge are still rife.

Stonehenge has puzzled intellectuals and archaeologists down the eras. Become delighted by the mystical atmosphere that permeates this landmark on a Stonehenge tour.

The Stonehenge Tour Company – www.StonehengeTours.com

 

Stonehenge has become the most visited paid-for tourist attraction in the south west of England.

Figures from tourist board Visit England show the iconic Neolithic monument had more visitors last year than the Eden Project in Cornwall, the first time Stonehenge has surpassed the Cornish attraction since it opened in 2001.

In 2010 more than a million people visited the stone circle, which is up 1.9 per cent on the previous year, but overall the figures showed paid-for attractions suffered a decline of one per cent.

David Andrews, chief executive of Visit Wiltshire, said: “Stonehenge is a fabulous site and we’re extremely lucky to have it in the county.”

Peter Carson, head of Stonehenge at English Heritage, said: “Last year for the first time ever, Stonehenge attracted over a million visitors. We are delighted at its success.

“Visitors continue to be intrigued by these ancient stones and recent archaeological research undertaken within the World Heritage Site has helped to fuel this fascination.

This rise in visitors is also due to more overseas holiday makers, who are attracted to England by the favourable exchange rates and wish to see the UK’s premier prehistoric monument.”

Visit England surveyed 1,082 non-charging and paid-for tourist attractions and the British Museum was top with 5.8 million visitors last year.

Why not visit Stonehenge before the crowds arrive on one of our ‘Stonehenge Private Access’ Tours.  These must be booked in advance.

The Stonehenge Tour company
www.StonehengeTours.com

Though the Druids undoubtedly existed, their place in our history is now

Druids at Stonehenge

Druids at Stonehenge

more legendary than factual, as so few records or artefacts exist to throw light on who they were and what they did. The Romans , who regarded them as enemies of the Roman state and who were horrified by the human sacrifices supposedly made by the Druids, attempted to wipe them out. The Christians too attacked them for their obviously non-Christian beliefs – one of the few things we can be truly sure about the Druids is that they held certain oak and hazel groves sacred, as both Romans and Christians were at pains to chop them down and burn the wood.

From the Roman and Greek sources, however, we can be fairly sure of a few basic facts about the Druids and their place in Celtic life (across Gaul and beyond as well as in Britain).

First and foremost they were a class, although not a hereditary class but one open to those of ability willing to undergo a long training period – perhaps as long as 20 years. They formed a learned class within the Celtic people, a mixture of judge, scholar, counsellor, doctor, diplomat and priest in one. Part of their demise has been put down by some writers as due to the antipathy of tribal chiefs and regional kings whose power would be lessened by the influence of Druids, said to have the right to speak before them in tribal gatherings, and able to intervene in and stop conflicts of which they did not approve.
It seems that as well as oak and hazel, mistletoe played a part in their worship practises, as did reverence for sacred sites such as hills and rivers, and fire. Theirs was a polytheistic religion. From the Romans we can be fairly sure they used sacrifice in their worship, and possibly in divination, these sacrifices being both animal and human – tales of blood gushing from hearts stabbed with sacred daggers if not strictly true still make interesting reading.

The training of a Druid was lengthy, and in all likelihood carried out away from prying eyes, or more significantly eavesdropping ears – much of it was concerned with learning sacred verses by heart.

Although some aspects of Druidism may have survived into medieval times and even beyond – the bardic culture of Wales is surely linked in some ways – as a power they were to a great extent finished by the Roman attack on Anglesey in AD61 (an attack that Boudicca took advantage of, rebelling in the East while the Romans were engaged in Wales).

Modern Druidism is a mixture of surmise, romantic imagination, and the gathered misconceptions of writers from recent centuries, a creative version of something about which few facts remain, or more kindly a sincere religious faith to which the perhaps ill-fitting label Druidism has been attached. This ‘creativity’ is perhaps seen most clearly in the use of Stonehenge , which long predates Druidism, as a sacred site for some Neo-Druids.

Stonehenge Tour Guide
The Stonehenge Tour Company – www.StonehengeTours.com
(Operating tours of Stonehenge since 1995 – The original and still the best! )

 Are you searching for a truly unique sightseeing experience?

Stonehenge coach tours from London may be the answer to your every wish. An overwhelming divine aura permeates this incomparable monument. A world heritage site, Stonehenge is debatably the most vital archaic structure in the UK. Take a Stonehenge coach tour and uncover why it has acquired such renowned status, and just why it is that Stonehenge tours are so highly favoured over other tours from London.

Stonehenge  Guided Tours

Stonehenge Guided Tours

Decide between a Stonehenge morning tour or a Stonehenge evening tour with Golden Tours. For the genuinely astounding, indescribable experience, however, you may want to make the most of our elite Stonehenge special access tour. This imparts you with entry to the circle, so that you can get up close to the stones, for a Stonehenge tour with true distinction.

Without a doubt, Stonehenge holds the ability to beguile any visitor. It is an antiquarian structure, yet the details as to its construction remain unclear. 40 tons of rocks have stood on Salisbury Hill for just about 5,000 years. Was Stonehenge used as a religious temple or possibly even as a Bronze Age burial ground?

Theories thrive as to why it was built as well. Discover why it has provoked such debate: go on one of many Stonehenge tours from London.

Or for a comprehensive day out, go on a Stonehenge, Bath, Windsor tour, and discover all three of these charming places. Let Bath’s charming highlights reveal themselves to you: in any case, Bath abounds with captivating sites of culture and holds a rich history. Marvel at the grandiose Royal Crescent and the magnificent Pulteney Bridge. An especial highlight of fascinating Windsor is captivating Windsor Castle.

Bus tours from London to Stonehenge are incredibly prolific. Golden Tours offers a comprehensive range of packages that can fit the wishes of anyone wanting to experience the remarkable wonder that is Stonehenge for themselves. Golden Tours’ large number of tours range from the remarkable value ‘Simply Stonehenge’ tour to Stonehenge special access tours and Stonehenge, Bath, Windsor tours.

Stoneheneg Tour Company

 

 

The Stonehenge Tour Company
Operating Stonehenge Tours since 1995

English Heritage are again expected to provide “Managed Open Access” to Stonehenge for the Summer Solstice. Please help to create a peaceful occasion by taking personal responsibility and following the conditions (see below).

Please note that a high volume of traffic is anticipated in the Stonehenge area on the evening of Sunday 20th June. The car park (enter off the A303 from the roundabout – it’s signposted) will open at around 7pm on Monday 20th June, and close at around noon on Tuesday 21st June.
Note that last admission to the car park for vehicles is at around 6am. Access Access to the stones themselves is expected to be from around 8.30pm on Monday 20th June until 8am on Tuesday 21st June.

Stonehenge Summer Solstice

 There’s likely to be casual entertainment from samba bands & drummers but no amplified music is allowed. When you visit Stonehenge for the Solstice, please remember it is a Sacred Place to many and should be respected. Van loads of police have been present in the area in case of any trouble, but generally a jovial mood prevails. Few arrests have been made in previous years, mostly in relation to minor drug offences.

Facilities Toilets and drinking water are available and welfare is provided by festival welfare services. There are normally one or two food and drink vans with reasonable prices but huge queues, all well away from the stones themselves.

Sunrise is at around 4:45am.

Conditions Rules include no camping, no dogs, no fires or fireworks, no glass bottles, no large bags or rucksacks, and no climbing onto the stones. Please use the bags given free on arrival and take them out, filled with your litter, to the skips provided.

Please respect the rules so that we’re all able to enjoy the solstice morning at Stonehenge for years to come.

Getting there: Where possible, please travel to Stonehenge using public transport. The local bus company, Wilts & Dorset, will be running a service from Salisbury railway and bus stations to Stonehenge over the Solstice period. This bus service will commence at 1830 hours (6.30pm) on Monday 20th June and run regularly until 0115 hours (1.15am) on Tuesday 21st June. A service taking people back to Salisbury will start again at 0400 hours (4am) and run frequently until 0945 hours (9.45am). Access to Stonehenge from the bus drop off point is through the National Trust farmland. More information will be here when available.  Needless to say this service is extremly busy, please allow plenty of time.

From London: The ‘Stonehenge Tour Company’ will be offering their usual small group unobtrusive tours to the solstice from London.  There are two services departing London at 4pm and 1am – Click here: ‘Stonehenge Summer Solstice Tour 2011′
Stonehenge summer solstice tours

LINKS: http://www.efestivals.co.uk/festivals/stonehenge/2011/

http://blog.stonehenge-stone-circle.co.uk/2011/04/27/stonehenge-summer-solstice-celebrations-2011-june-20th-june-21st/

http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/daysout/properties/stonehenge/explore/summer-solstice-2011/:

http://www.thestonehengetour.info/

TWITTER: Follow Stonehenge on twitter.  Get all the latest news and Solstice uddates – http://twitter.com/ST0NEHENGE

FACEBOOK: Join Stonehenge on facebook: http://www.facebook.com/stonehenge.tours

See you all at the Summer Solstice, yipee……………..

Stonehenge Tour Guide
http://www.StonehengeTours.com

Stonehenge special access tours
Our driver/guides are amongst the best Stonehenge experts in Britain. If you are looking for inner circle access, why not charter one of our luxury vehicles to collect you from your accommodation. 

How Stonehenge Special Access works.

English Heritage is the organisation which is responsible for managing

Stonehenge inner circle tour

Stonehenge inner circle tour

visitor access to Stonehenge. All special access slots, be they booked through agents, tour operators or directly are allocated by English Heritage. It is not possible to have special access to Stonehenge during normal opening hours and such visits have to me made either very early in the morning or in the early evening. English Heritage for very good reasons place tough restrictions on the maximum number of people that can use the special access during any slot and this number is 26 people (beware of travelling on a large coach group, as you may find that the hour that you have paid for is split into 2  X 30 minute slots). A Slot lasts for 1 hour and unless you have booked your own guide,  there will be no guiding provided by English Heritage and you cannot use the regular audio guides that are available during  the regular access times. For more information on booking special access slots visit the English Heritage website.

After you have found your slot, all you need to then is organise  your transportation and tour guide and this is where we can really help. We employ the very best driver guides available, who are considered to be experts on Stonehenge and the wider area. This means we can offer you a full tour covering Stonehenge and other places (such as Salisbury, Avebury  or Bath). This means you can make the most of your day out rather than just having 30 minutes or an hour at Stonehenge. When booking your Stonehenge special access with English Heritage, please remember to book 1 additional place for your driver/guide so that we can help unfold the mystery!

Best practice for securing a Stonehenge Special Access Tour

Contact English Heritage at: stonecircleaccess@english-heritage.org.uk or by calling 0044 (0)1722 34 38 30 (Mon-Fri 9-5pm GMT)
When you have found which slots are available, contact us:
Neeless to say we are happy to make arrangements for you.

The Stonehenge Tour Company
www.StonehengeTours.com
stonehengetours@allstarleisure.net

Visit Stonehenge and enjoy a unique tour of the Roman Baths with our own Roman Soldier!hlights:

Unique visit to the Roman Baths
Visit ancient Stonehenge
Driving tour of Bath plus free time to explore

STONEHENGEroman bath tour
The most famous prehistoric monument in the world, and now a world heritage site, Stonehenge stands alone in the vast empty tract of Salisbury plain. Its origins date back nearly 5,000 years and it has been home to pagan religion and spiritual worship, not to be mention public debate ever since. What was this vast collection of stones intended for? Was it observatory of the moon, a temple to the sun, or an elaborate cemetery? Who were the people who carried and carved these 40 ton rocks? Come and unlock the secrets for yourself and marvel at this remarkable and mysterious feat of ancient engineering and design.

Next we head for lunch* in a charming village pub in Britain before journeying to Bath.

BATH
Bath, another world heritage site, is a beautiful Georgian city with delightful crescents, terraces and architecture. Following our guided tour of the city, there will be plenty of time to shop and explore. Then we wenter the magnificient Roman Baths still in perfect working condition after 2,000 years, We enjoy a unique tour of this great site with our own Roman legionary who invites us in to hear his dramatic speech by the Great Bath. Soak up the atmosphere while you hear what it was like to live and work in Roman Britain and how it felt to relax in the soothing and sacred waters after a hard day working as a soldier.

A truly magical end to a wonderful day.

Days of Operation: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday

Return: London, 8.30pm

Price: £61 adults | £54 child (up to 16 years)

Book here: http://www.stonehengetours.com/html/stonehenge_bath_late_departure.htm

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